History of biotechnology ppt

Ancient, classical, and modern methods of biotechnological methods are introduced in this science PowerPoint. Students should be interested to see how advanced people have been through the ages in adapting their methods to procure agriculture, medicine, and food production more efficiently.

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Civil rights meets biotechnology in a instructional activity that scrutinizes the collection of DNA of citizens who have been arrested, but not yet convicted of a crime.

Real-life cases are examined in which the DNA of a relative was A poignant slide show introduces high schoolers to the amazing accomplishments of genomics and raises the question of eugenics. This lesson plan is only for mature audiences, as it deals with rape and other sensitive topics, but it is What is Biotechnology Lesson Planet.

Students discover the concept of biotechnology. In this biotechnology lesson, students explore the history of biotechnology and its implications today. IBM has a computer that is 1 mm by 1 mm and as fast as a computer from With time, computers get faster, smaller, and cheaper.

A video lesson examines the history of computer production and what that means for biotechnology advances. In the future, will medical treatment be tailored to specific DNA? An episode of the Crash Course History of Science discusses the biotechnology of modern medicine.

The narrator explains the history of DNA research and how that applies Biotechnology is a relatively new science, but the history of the science that made it possible goes back to the early s.

Take a tour through the history of scientific research that led to the possibility of biotechnology. The lessonCopy embed code:. Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed.

WordPress Embed Customize Embed. URL: Copy. Karnwal Asstt. For the benefit of mankind Biotechnology: An Introduction PowerPoint Presentation: Biotechnology: An Introduction Biotechnology: In fact, biotechnology is the product of interaction between science of biology and technology. It is the technological exploitation and control use of biological system. According to the US National Science Foundation: Biotechnology is the controlled use of biological agent such as micro-organism or cellular components for beneficial use.

According to the European Federation of Biotechnology: Biotechnology is the integral use of biochemistry, microbiology and engineering science in order to achieve technological industrial application of the capabilities of the microorganism, cultured cells and parts thereof.

Product Remarks 1. Monoclonal antibodies used for disease diagnosis e. Produced by hybridoma technology 2. DNA probes used for disease diagnisis e. Produced by genetically engineered microbes. Recombinant vaccines cleaner, safer e.

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Valuable drugs like human insulinhuman interferon, human and bovine growth hormonesetc. Product Remarks 5. Babies of specified sex artificial insemination with X or Y carrying sperms prepared by sperm separation tech.

It is feared that this may un-favorably change the sex ratio in the population 6. Industrial biotechnology S.Table of Contents. Inventions and innovations in this field include food, health, and animal life Ashish Swarup Verma This then paved the way to another needs like the development of methods for preserving food and its storage.

History of Biotechnology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Man made new observations and invented food products like cheese and curd. In history, the invention of cheese can be considered as one of the first direct products of biotechnology. The exploitation of yeast in various products like making bread, producing vinegar, and fermenting products was done largely for human benefit. The discovery of yeast also paved the way for the production of alcoholic beverages like wine, whiskey and beer.

In the same year, Joseph Lister experimented with Penicillium glaucium and its antibacterial action on human tissue Ashish Swarup Verma Refer to the book on Penicillium glaucium here. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. Animal Cells Prokaryotic Cells Vs.

Eukaryotic Cells Amphibians Vs. Reptiles Anatomy Vs. Physiology Diffusion vs. Osmosis Mitosis Vs. Meiosis Chromosome Vs. Bio Explorer. History of Biotechnology. Biotechnology History - A Timeline. During the ancient times, man, in order to meet the basic need for food, explored the possibilities of making food available and accessible by growing them near their shelters.

Source: Wikimedia Around B. E The domestication of wild animals began the observation and applications of animal breeding in the daily life of man. Certainly, this endeavor was the initial period of evolution of farming Coley During this period various observations and scientific evidences started coming in. Top 10 Biotechnology News In Biotechnology is the branch of biology that harnesses cellular and biomolecular processes to develop technologies and products that help enrich our lives and the well-being of our planet.

In this article, we will explore top 10 biotechnology news in Biotechnology is the new magic of the 21st century. Some of the biotech techniques include nanotechnology and tissue engineering which provide new cancer treatments, assist in water security and are slowly becoming crucial in sustainable industrial development. Here are the top 15 biotechnology news for Top 10 Biotechnology Discoveries in Here are the top 10 best biotechnology discoveries in - this includes the production of enzymes outside of the cell and manipulate bacteria to consume CO2.

Bagley, M. Genetics: The Study of Heredity. Genetic Variation.Copy embed code:. Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed. WordPress Embed Customize Embed.

URL: Copy. Presentation Description No description available. History of Biotechnology: History of Biotechnology Mrs. Supreme Court approves the principle of patenting organisms, which allows the Exxon oil company to patent an oil-eating microorganism PowerPoint Presentation: Scientists at Ohio University produce the first transgenic animals by transferring genes from other animals into mice PowerPoint Presentation: The first recombinant DNA vaccine for livestock is developed PowerPoint Presentation: The first biotech drug, human insulin produced in genetically modified bacteria, is approved by FDA.

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Add to Channel. The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: Category: Education. Like it 0. Dislike it 0. Added: October 07, Posting comment Premium member. Presentation Transcript. PowerPoint Presentation: B. PowerPoint Presentation: The source of pyrethrum is the flowers of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefoliumalso called the Dalmation flower.

PowerPoint Presentation: English surgeon Edward Jenner pioneers vaccination, inoculating a child with a viral smallpox vaccine. PowerPoint Presentation: Breeders crossbreed cotton, developing hundreds of varieties with superior qualities.What is Biotechnology?

history of biotechnology ppt

Biotechnology as any technique that uses living organisms or substances from those organisms, to make or modify a product, to improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for specific uses. Some of these include the use of microorganisms to make the antibiotic, penicillin or the dairy product, yoghurt; the use of microorganisms to produce amino acids or enzymes are also examples of biotechnology.

Examples Examples: they could plant their own crops and breed their own animals, they learned to use biotechnology.

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The first animal breeders, realizing that different physical traits could be either magnified or lost by mating appropriate pairs of animals, engaged in the manipulations of biotechnology. What Are the Stages of Biotechnology Development Ancient biotechnology- early history as related to food and shelter; Includes domestication Classical biotechnology- built on ancient biotechnology; Fermentation promoted food production, and medicine Modern biotechnology manipulates genetic information in organism; Genetic engineering.

Domestication BC - First evidence of plant domestication in hills above Tigris River BC - Agricultural communities exist in Mesopotamia BC - The Babylonians and Egyptians left pictorial evidence that dogs, sheep, and cattle had been domesticated. Ancient Plant Germplasm BC - Domestication complete for all important food crops in the new world - Selected seeds, cuttings, or tubers from superior plants for the next planting.

Fermented Foods Once people settled in villages, the development of new foods was possible - accidental discovery! Biotechnology is used for the first time when the Egyptians use yeast to leaven bread and ferment beer.

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The rennet in the lining of the pouch, combined with the heat of the sun, caused the milk to separate into curd and whey. That night he found that the whey satisfied his thirst, and the cheese curd had a delightful flavor which satisfied his hunger.

History Of Biotechnology PowerPoint PPT Presentations

Louis Pasteur - germ theory - microbes are responsible for fermentation - proved that fermentation is the result of activity of yeasts and bacteria.

Vinegar is another product that shows progress in technology, by fermenting wine in special fermentation chambers and using Acetobacter bacteria. The amount of fermentation products increased from to 1. Products such as glycerol, acetone, butanol, lactic acid, citric acid, and yeast biomass for bakers yeast were developed. Industrial fermentation was established during World War I because Germany needed large amounts of glycerol for explosives.

Aseptic techniques improved industrial fermentation by the s, as well as the control of nutrients, aeration, methods of sterility, and product isolation and purification. World War II brought the age of the modern fermenter, also called a bioreactor, because there was a need to massproduce antibiotics such as penicillin and others.

Antibiotics Penicillin Developed in the lates Introduced in the s First drug produced by microbes. Classical Biotechnology - Penicillin was produced by the fermentation of cultured Penicillium.Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Read Free For 30 Days.

Much more than documents. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers. Start Free Trial Cancel anytime. History of Biotechnology. Uploaded by rahuldtc. Document Information click to expand document information Date uploaded Sep 28, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document. Flag for inappropriate content. Download Now. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Financing and Supplying Inputs to the 21st Century Producer 1.

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Title: History of Biotechnology. Description: Makes wide spread use of methods from Using processes that prevent or slow spoilage Creates an acid condition that slows or prevents spoilage.

Tags: biotechnology history spoilage. Latest Highest Rated. Title: History of Biotechnology 1 History of Biotechnology 2 Stages of Biotech Ancient Classical Modern 3 Ancient Biotech Begins with early civilization Developments in ag and food production Few records exist 4 Ancient Biotech Archeologists research Ancient carvings and sketches sources of information 5 Classical Biotech Follows ancient Makes wide spread use of methods from ancient, especially fermentation Methods adapted to industrial production 6 Classical Biotech Produce large quantities of food products and other materials in short amount of time Meet demands of increasing population 7 Classical Biotech Many methods developed through classical biotech are widely used today.

Overuse may make the antibiotic ineffective when really needed later 46 Antibiotics Some disease organisms are now resistant to certain antibiotics Used in both human and vet medicine 47 Modern Biotech Deals with manipulating genetic info Microscopy and advanced computer technology are used In-depth knowledge of science 48 Modern Biotech Based on genetics research from the mid s 49 Genetics Study of heredity Most work has focused on animal and plant genetics Genes determiners of heredity 50 Genes Carry the genetic code Understanding genetic structure essential for genetic engineering 51 Heredity How traits are passed from parents to offspring Members of the same species pass the characteristics of that species 52 Heredity Differences exist within each species.

Differences are known as variability 53 Heredity variability Are used in modern biotechnology 54 Modern Biotech Use of biotech to produce new life forms Emerged in mid s Made possible by rDNA technology 55 rDNA Recombinant DNA Process Genetic material is moved from one organism to another Materials involved are quite small 56 rDNA Challenging and often controversial Many have opposing or negative views of biotechnolgy 57 People in Biotech Zacharias Janssen Discovered the principle of the compound microscope in Dutch eye glass maker 58 Anton Van Leeuwenhoek Developed single lens microscope in s First to observe tiny organisms and document observations 59 Anton V.

Borlaug Developed wheat varieties producing high yields Research in Mexico Semi dwarf varieties Developed wheat variety that would grow in climates where other varieties would not 78 Borlaug Nobel Peace Prize in Credited with helping relieve widespread hunger in some nations 79 Mary Clare King Research into nature of DNA during late s Determined that 99 of human DNA is identical to chimpanzee 80 Mary Clare King found similar gene pools between humans and chimpanzee made it possible to research hereditary causes of breast cancer 81 Ian Wilmut Cloning of a sheep named Dolly in Produced from tissue of an adult sheep Previous cloning efforts had been from early embryos 82 Research Use of systematic methods to answer questions.

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